China

People’s Republic of China

Activities and Results

 In 1949, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was founded as a socialist country. In the 1990s, while maintaining the socialist regime, the PRC began introducing a market economy on a full scale, and in 2001 joined the WTO. Currently, it is making efforts to establish legal systems fully applicable to a market economy.
 Japan and China have constantly sustained close relationships as neighboring countries since ancient times. In recent years, the relationship between the two countries has been further deepening with numerous Japanese companies expanding their businesses into the Chinese market. Thus, the establishment of legal systems befitting a market economy in China has become a major area of concern for Japanese businesses. At the same time, China has maintained a strong interest in the legal system of Japan, which has developed its modern legal system since the Meiji Era (1868 – 1912) to take its place among developed countries after World War II. Under these circumstances, in 2006 China requested knowledge and expertise from Japan in revising its Civil Procedure Law and other related laws.
 In response to this, the International Cooperation Department (ICD) cooperated with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and other organizations for legislative support with the Civil Procedure Law and Other Private Laws from 2007, and legislative support with the Administrative Litigation Act and Other Administrative Laws from 2012. In addition, the Tort Liability Law and Private International Law were enacted in 2009 and 2010, respectively, and the Chinese Civil Procedure Law and the Law on Protection of Consumer Rights and Interests were revised in 2012 and 2013, respectively.
 Support for economic and social legislation has also been provided since 2014. The main focus of the support is to provide seminars in China and training in Japan to provide Japanese knowledge of laws and regulations targeted for support. So far, when drafting the Civil Code established in China in 2017, not only was Japanese knowledge provided but also support such as training in Japan on the subsections of the Civil Code (property law, commercial transactions laws, etc.) are currently being conducted in China.