Those who commit “theft” and those who are charged with the “violation of the Stimulant Drugs Control Act” tend to re-offend which results in a high rate of offenders who go back to prison. As for women, the re-offending rate of “theft” and the “violation of the Stimulant Drugs Control Act” goes up to about 90 percent, therefore, the tendency of re-offending with the same crime is high.
●Then why are crimes and delinquencies repeated?
Rate of Inmates Reimprisoned for the Same Crime (by type of oﬀense) (2013)
Various approaches have been made from the perspectives of psychology and sociology etc. for the causes of crimes, however, those who are released from prison generally have the following problems:
1) individual problems such as drug dependency are serious
2) connections with families and local communities have become diluted resulting in isolation
As a result of these problems, they have difficulty in acquiring occupation necessary to live as independent members of the society or finding places to live with peace of mind. For example, about 70 percent of inmates who become imprisoned by re-offenses were out of work at the time of re-offending. Also, about 6,400 inmates are released rom prison every year with no place to go back, and among those, one out of three inmates go back to prison by re-offending within two years.
To hold them back from repeating crimes or delinquencies, it is necessary to provide effective guidance or approach to overcome problems of each person, or implement efforts to secure “occupation” or a “place to belong” necessary to become independent in a society.