Public Prosecution Q&A

Q What are the qualifications necessary to become a public prosecutor?

Those who have completed judicial training after passing the bar examination
Judges and assistant judges
Those who have been a professor or assistant professor of law at a university for 3 or more years
Those who have been in the position of deputy prosecutor for 3 or more years and who have passed the special exam to become a prosecutor are eligible to become a prosecutor.
In addition, certain public officials such as public prosecutors’ assistant officers or officials in the Ministry of Justice can become a deputy public prosecutor if they pass a special test to become a deputy public prosecutor.

Q What is the difference between public prosecutors and police officers?

Generally, when a crime occurs, it is the police that first investigate, arrest suspects, collect evidence and conduct interrogations.
When arresting suspects, the police must send the case to a public prosecutor with the case record within 48 hours from the time of arrest.
At the Public Prosecutors Office, public prosecutors will investigate the suspects and witnesses in the case sent by the police, or instruct the police to make a supplementary investigation regarding insufficient points of evidence, investigate themselves, conduct and carefully examine the content of the collected evidence, and finally decide whether or not to prosecute suspects in court. Only the public prosecutor assigned to the case has the authority to decide whether or not to prosecute suspects. In addition, prosecutors must prove cases brought to trial, request the court for proper judgments , and supervise the execution of judgments.

Q What is the design of the badge worn by public prosecutors?

The shape of the badge for public prosecutors was determined in 1955: a red morning sun decorated with the white petals and golden leaves of chrysanthemum. Because its shape is similar to the combination of frost and sunlight, it is called the "shusoretsujitsu”, combining the strict job of public prosecutors and its ideal image.
“Shusoretsujitsu” compares autumn mist and the harsh sun of summer to punishments and the severity of principles.

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