The Correction Bureau is responsible for matters concerning the treatment of inmates (such as security, prison work, education, classification, medical treatment, hygiene), in the correctional institutions (prisons, juvenile prisons, detention houses, juvenile training schools, juvenile classification homes, and the women’s guidance home), the planning and drafting of correctional legislation, the organization and management of correctional institutions, and the international transfer of sentenced persons.
Penal Institutions(Prisons, Juvenile Prisons, Detention Houses)
The penal institutions consist of prisons which house inmates sentenced to imprisonment with or without work, juvenile prisons which house sentenced juvenile inmates and detention houses which house defendants or suspects awaiting trial.
The treatment of sentenced persons aims at their rehabilitation and smooth return to society and, for this purpose they are taken into the most suitable institution after psychological examinations of their character and aptitudes, and also with consideration given to their social adjustment. The institutions draw up the treatment plans most suitable for individual sentenced persons and actively carry out various work, vocational training, living guidance, and various educational programs.
In addition, some prisons including Ichihara Prison and Ohi Shipyard Prison Camp (of Matsuyama Prison) adopt ”open treatment” measures, and thus the Ministry actively introduces new treatment techniques.
The treatment of defendants awaiting trial is intended to contribute to smooth trial proceedings by securing the custody of defendants and preventing the destruction of evidence while paying due respect to their basic human rights.
Juvenile Classification Homes
Juvenile classification homes house juveniles who have been referred by the family court when the court orders ”protective measure”. The home conducts assessment of these juveniles by using such professional knowledge as medical science, psychology and pedagogy in order to provide relevant information for the investigation and hearing by the family court. Such assessment includes examination and diagnosis of the mental and physical conditions of juveniles, clarification of the causes of delinquency and drawing up of treatment guidelines for their rehabilitation by conducting interviews, psychological tests and behavioral observations, and psychiatric examinations if necessary.
The home also offers classification and diagnoses at the request of the superintendent of juvenile training schools and the director of probation offices in order to enforce ”protective measures”. Furthermore, the home provides counseling and consultation services for the community and teachers on various problems of juveniles such as delinquency, bullying and violence against parents.
Women’s Guidance Home
The Women’s Guidance Home houses adult women inflicted ”guidance measures” by the criminal court for violation of the Anti-Prostitution Act, and the home provides living guidance and vocational training according to the needs for their rehabilitation.
Juvenile Training Schools
Juvenile training schools house, in principle, juveniles who have been referred to the school by the family court by way of enforcing the court’s order of ”protective measures”, and give them correctional education.
The school classifies each juvenile by the nature of the problem causing his or her delinquency and his or her strengths strong points to be developed in the future and establishes individualized treatment plans by comprehensively examining the condition of his or her mental and physical growth, personality traits and future life plan, and based on such plans, carries out living guidance, vocational training, school education, health guidance, physical education and special activities.