The Correction Bureau directs and supervises the correctional institutions (prisons, juvenile prisons, detention houses, juvenile training schools, juvenile classification homes, and the women's guidance home) to ensure the proper treatment of inmates, with regard to their security, prison work, education, classification, medical treatment and hygiene. The Bureau is currently conducting research and studies on new treatment techniques along the lines of recent trends of thought for correctional services.
Penal Institutions (Prisons, Juvenile Prisons, Detention Houses)
The penal institutions consist of "prisons" which house inmates sentenced to imprisonment with or without work, "juvenile prisons" which house juvenile inmates and "detention houses" which house defendants or suspected persons pending trial.
The treatment of sentenced inmates aims at their rehabilitation and smooth return to society and, for this purpose they are taken into the most suitable institution after psychological examination of their character and traits, and also with consideration given to their social adjustment. The institutions draw up the treatment programs most suitable for individual sentenced inmates and actively carry out various work, vocational training, living guidance, various educational programs and medical treatment.
In addition, some prisons including Ichihara Prison and Ohi Shipyard Prison Camp (of Matsuyama Prison) adopt "open treatment" measures, and thus the Ministry actively introduces new treatment techniques.
The treatment of defendants awaiting trial is intended to contribute to smooth trial proceedings by securing the custody of inmates and preventing the destruction of evidence while paying due respect to their basic human rights.
PENAL INSTITUTIONS IN JAPAN
Women's Guidance Home
The Women's Guidance Home houses adult women sentenced to "guidance measures" by the criminal court for violation of the Prostitution Prevention Law Act on and the home gives them living guidance, vocational training and medical treatment according to the needs for their rehabilitation.
Juvenile Classification Homes
Juvenile classification homes house those juveniles who have been sent to the home from the family court when the court orders "protective detention" pending court proceedings. The home makes an assessment of the dispositions of those juveniles by using such professional knowledge as medical science, psychology and pedagogy in order to provide relevant information for the investigation and hearing by the family court. Such assessment includes examination and diagnosis of the mental and physical conditions of juveniles, clarification of the causes of delinquency and drawing up of treatment guidelines for their rehabilitation by conducting interviews, psychological tests and behavioral observations, and psychiatric examinations if necessary. The house also classifies and diagnoses at the request of the superintendent of juvenile training schools and the director of probation offices in order to enforce “protective measures”. Furthermore, the home provides counseling and consultation services for the community and teachers on various problems of juveniles such as delinquency, bullying and violence against parents. (Correction Bureau)
Juvenile Training Schools
Juvenile training schools house, in principle, juveniles who have been referred to the school by the family court by way of enforcing the court's order of "protective measures", and give them correctional education.
The school classifies each juvenile by the nature of the problems causing his or her delinquency and his or her strong points to be developed in the future and establishes individualized treatment plans by comprehensive examining the condition of his or her mental and physical growth, personality traits and future life plan, and based on such plans, carries out living guidance, vocational training, school education, health guidance, physical education and special activities.