In Japan, human rights systems and policies have been established and developed within the national government under the Constitution, which sets the respect for fundamental human rights as one of its basic principles, as well as international rules including human rights conventions drafted by the United Nations.
The Human Rights Bureau of the Ministry of Justice which acts as an administrative organ engaging in human rights promotion and protection, the Legal Affairs Bureaus and the District Legal Affairs Bureaus, which are its local offices, and their branches, as well as Human Rights Volunteers, who are private citizens appointed by the Minister of Justice, are collectively referred to as “the human rights bodies of the Ministry of Justice.”
Human Rights Volunteers are private citizens appointed by the Minister of Justice. About 14,000 volunteers are currently appointed and allocated to municipalities (including special wards in Tokyo). The Human Rights Volunteers actively engage in human rights promotion and protection activities.